Port of Rotterdam explores import of blue ammonia

Sustainable energy

Norway, The Netherlands – The Port of Rotterdam Authority has signed memorandum of understanding with Norway’s Horisont Energi for the import of blue ammonia.

According to the agreement, Horisont Energi and the Port of Rotterdam will explore a collaboration to ship blue ammonia, produced in Northern Norway, from natural gas with carbon capture and storage, to the port of Rotterdam, where it will be received for further distribution to meet expected demand in Northwestern Europe.

Final investment decision for the production of blue ammonia at the Barents Blue project is expected towards the end of 2022. Blue ammonia could be shipped to Rotterdam by 2025. Once operational, Barents Blue will have a production capacity of 3000 tons of ammonia per day, or 1 million tons per year.

Energy hub

In addition to being a key industrial gas globally in the fertilizer and chemical sector, ammonia is a very efficient hydrogen carrier. This makes net zero CO2 emission ammonia one of the most promising fuels for decarbonization of the shipping industry.

The port of Rotterdam is an energy hub port for western Europe, with some 13 percent of total energy demand in Europe entering the EU via Rotterdam. The Port has the ambition to be net zero CO2 emission in 2050 while at the same time maintaining its pivotal role in the European energy system. The demand in Rotterdam is expected to be up to 20 million tons of hydrogen, equivalent to 100 million tons of ammonia, in 2050, according to Port of Rotterdam estimates.