Belgium – ArcelorMittal has inaugurated the €200 million ‘Steelanol’ carbon capture and utilization (CCU) project at its Ghent steel facility in Belgium.
For the steel sector in Europe, the Steelanol project is a first of its type. The CCU facility employs biocatalysts to convert carbon-rich waste gases from the steelmaking process and from waste biomass into advanced ethanol, supporting the decarbonization efforts of the chemical industry. This technology is state-of-the-art carbon recycling technology created by LanzaTech. Under the brand name Carbalyst, ArcelorMittal and LanzaTech will jointly commercialize the enhanced ethanol.
80 million liters of advanced ethanol, or about half of Belgium’s current advanced ethanol requirement for fuel mixing, will be produced by the Steelanol plant once production reaches its maximum capacity. The Ghent plant’s yearly carbon emissions will drop by 125,000 tonnes as a result. Primetals Technologies and E4tech are two more partners in the Steelanol initiative.
With the start-up of its “Torero” project in the first quarter of 2023, ArcelorMittal Ghent will soon inaugurate another first for the European steel sector. To reduce the amount of fossil coal needed, the €35 million Torero project will process sustainable biomass (at first in the form of scrap wood that cannot be utilised for other applications) for use as a raw material input into the blast furnace. By implementing this initiative, Ghent will cut its annual carbon emissions by 112,500 tonnes. Over the following two years, ArcelorMittal Ghent plans to double the size of its Torero project by adding a second reactor.
The Ghent initiatives are a crucial component of ArcelorMittal’s 2030 climate action strategy, which aims to reduce the carbon intensity of steel produced by the company by 25% globally and by 35% across its European operations.